Friday, 5 April 2013

Understanding the difference between RAISE and RISE

I'm using Objective CAE (2nd edition) with one of my Cambridge Advanced students, and in Unit 23, there is a clip about asking for a pay rise. 

My student and I emailed about the difference between the verbs RAISE and RISE, and I thought I'd repost it here (very briefly).

The present forms are very similar. The past forms are very different.
  • raiseraisedraised
  • rise, rose, risen
The meanings are very similar. They both mean "lift up".

RAISE takes an OBJECT.   
  • You raise your hand in class. 
  • You raise you glass when you make a toast.
  • You raise a flag at a parade. 
  • You raise a point in a meeting (bring up a point). 
  • In the U.S., when you want more money at work, you ask for a pay raise. ***

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Children raising their hands

RISE does not take an object. The thing does it by itself.
  • The sun rises in the morning and sets in the evening. 
  • The economic crisis is getting worse, so unemployment is rising.
  • Breads, cakes and muffins rise in the oven (get taller). 
  • From the King James version of the Bible (1 Corinthians 15:4)   And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures. 
  • In the UK, when you want more money at work, you ask for a pay rise. ***
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A lovely sunrise in Dublin

Photo credits
Dublin sunrise: Photo Credit: <ahref="">Janesdead</a> via <a href="">Compfight</a> <a href="">cc</a>

Classroom: Photo Credit: <a href=""></a> via <a href="">Compfight</a> <a href="">cc</a>